Separation anxiety, boredom, fear, lack of training, reinforcement of clingy behavior, or changes in home can cause clinginess
Following constantly, whining when left alone, getting underfoot, pacing, and destructive behaviors when alone indicate clinginess.
Establish regular feeding, walking, training, play and relaxation times. This helps clingy dogs learn when you'll come and go.
Use treats, praise, and positive reinforcement to crate train your dog to accept alone time in short increments.
Provide interactive toys when alone like puzzle feeders, stuffed Kongs, chews. Rotate frequently to prevent boredom.
Gradually build up alone time - start with brief separations from you and work up to longer increments slowly.
Reward calm, independent behaviors. Don't overly comfort clingy, attention-seeking behaviors. Redirect to a toy or mat instead.