Electric Cars That Came Before Tesla

Produced from 1996-1999, the innovative GM EV1 was the first mass-produced and purpose-built electric car of the modern era.


Ford sold over 1,500 electric Ranger pickups in the U.S. from 1998-2002 powered by lead-acid batteries.

Ford Ranger EV

Two generations of the battery-powered RAV4 EV crossover were produced from 1997-2003 and 2012-2014.

Toyota RAV4 EV

Honda leased the tiny two-seat EV Plus minicar in the late 1990s, mostly in California.

Honda EV Plus

Nissan's Altra EV offered clumsy lithium-ion battery power and just over 100 miles of range in the early 2000s.

Nissan Altra EV

Citroën converted over 2,000 combustion Berlingo vans into electric delivery vehicles for European fleets.

Citroën Berlingo Electrique

This curvy French EV sports car claimed 250 horsepower and 124 mph top speed in the mid-2000s.

Venturi Fétish

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