Bred in Australia in 19th century to herd cattle. Known for stamina and herding instinct.
Muscular build, short coat in blue or red speckled pattern. Naturally bobbed tail.
Smart, energetic, loyal. Protective of family. Needs job to do. Loves outdoor adventures.
Very high energy breed. Needs 60+ minutes vigorous exercise and mental stimulation daily.
Respond best to firm, positive training. Needs early socialization. Intelligent but bold.
Weekly brushing. Occasional bath. Prone to boredom so provide toys and activities.
May develop joint dysplasia, eye problems, and deafness. Lifespan 12-14 years.